Cleanup from EPA spill could take decades; Navajo Nation, affected states respond

ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. (AP) — Townspeople affected by the millions of gallons of waste spilled from an abandoned gold mine and now flowing through their communities demanded clarity Tuesday about any long-term threats to their water supply.

Colorado and New Mexico made disaster declarations for stretches of the Animas and San Juan rivers and the Navajo Nation declared an emergency as the waste spread more than 100 miles downstream, where it will reach Lake Powell in Utah sometime this week.

EPA workers accidentally unleashed an estimated 3 million gallons of orange-yellow waste, including high concentrations of arsenic, lead and other potentially toxic heavy metals, while inspecting the long-abandoned Gold King mine near Silverton, Colorado, on Aug. 5.

EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy, who plans to tour the damage personally, said Tuesday in Washington, D.C., that she takes full responsibility for the spill, which she said “pains me to no end.” She said the agency is working around the clock to assess the environmental impact.

EPA officials said the shockingly bright plume has already dissipated and that the leading edge of the contamination cannot be seen in the downstream stretches of the San Juan River or Lake Powell.

So far, the Bureau of Reclamation has no plans to slow flows on the lower Colorado River, below Lake Powell, where the water is a vital resource for parts of California, Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico and Utah.

Chris Watt, a bureau spokesman in Salt Lake City, said his agency is testing the water at the request of the EPA and can’t discuss the impact without learning the results.

None of this has eased concerns or quelled anger among people in the arid Southwest who depend on this water for their survival.

The Navajos, whose sovereign nation covers parts of New Mexico, Utah and Arizona, shut down water intake systems and stopped diverting water from the San Juan River. Navajo Nation President Russell Begaye told The Associated Press that regional EPA officials told him the cleanup could take decades.

“Decades. That is totally, completely unsettling,” Begaye said. “This is a huge issue. This river, the San Juan, is our lifeline, not only in a spiritual sense but also it’s an economic base that sustains the people that live along the river. You’re taking away the livelihood and maybe taking it away from them for decades. … That is just, to me, a disaster of a huge proportion. And we have yet to hear from the Obama administration.”

Heavy metals from Gold King and other defunct mines in Colorado have been leaching out and killing fish and other species for decades as rain and snowmelt spills from mining operations left abandoned and exposed. The EPA has considered making part of the Animas River in Colorado a Superfund site for a quarter-century.

It would have provided more resources for a cleanup, but some in Colorado opposed Superfund status, fearing the stigma and the federal strings attached, so the EPA agreed to allow local officials to lead cleanup efforts instead.

Now, the attorneys general of Utah, New Mexico and Colorado are coordinating a response to ensure “whatever remediation is necessary occurs as quickly as possible,” Utah Attorney General Sean Reyes said in a statement.

Utah Gov. Gary Herbert expressed disappointment with the EPA’s initial handling of the spill but said the state has no plans for legal action. New Mexico Gov. Susana Martinez, however, said she would not take anything off the table and that the EPA should be held to the same standards as industry.

Right now we have people preparing for a lawsuit if that is what we need to do,” she said Tuesday.

Colorado Gov. John Hickenlooper, himself a former geologist, visited a contaminated stretch of river Tuesday and said he hopes a “silver lining” to the disaster will be a more aggressive state and federal effort to deal with mining’s “legacy of pollution” across the West.

The EPA has said the current flow is too fast for the contaminants to pose an immediate health threat, and the heavy metals will likely be diluted over time so that they don’t pose a longer-term threat, either.

Still, as a precautionary measure, the agency said stretches of the rivers would be closed for drinking water, recreation and other uses at least through Aug. 17.

Dissolved iron is what turned the waste plume an alarming orange-yellow, a color familiar to old-time miners who call it “yellow boy.”

The water appears worse aesthetically than it actually is, in terms of health,” said Ron Cohen, a civil and environmental engineering professor at the Colorado School of Mines.

Tests show some of the metals have settled to the bottom and would dissolve only if conditions became acidic, which Cohen said isn’t likely. He advises leaving the metals where they settle and counting on next spring’s mountain snowmelt to dilute them more and flush them downstream.

No die-off of wildlife along the river has been detected. Federal officials say all but one of a test batch of fingerling trout deliberately exposed to the water survived over the weekend.

As a precaution, state and federal officials ordered public water systems to turn off intake valves as the plume passes. Boaters and fishing groups have been told to avoid affected stretches of the Animas and San Juan rivers, which are usually crowded with rafters and anglers in a normal summer.

Farmers also have been forced to stop irrigating, endangering their crops, and recreational businesses report losing thousands of dollars.

We had lots of trips booked. Right now we’re just canceling by the day,” said Drew Beezley, co-owner of 4 Corners Whitewater in Durango, Colorado. He said his dozen employees are out of work, and he’s lost about $10,000 in business since the spill.

“We don’t really know what the future holds yet,” Beezley said. “We don’t know if the rest of this season is just scrapped.”

Story by SUSAN MONTOYA BRYAN and ELLEN KNICKMEYER, Associated Press. Knickmeyer reported from San Francisco. AP writers Lindsay Whitehurst in Salt Lake City, Ivan Moreno and Thomas Peipert in Denver, and Susan Montoya Bryan in Albuquerque, New Mexico, contributed to this story.

Copyright 2015 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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  • fun bag August 11, 2015 at 9:36 pm

    I don’t watch kooky right-wing media, but have they called for the EPA to be shut down in addition to planned-parenthood???

    • Brian August 12, 2015 at 10:47 am

      Conservatives have called for the EPA to be shut down and defunded for many years, and with good reason. It really looks like the EPA did this on purpose to secure $500 million for a superfund site they hadn’t been able to get through previous efforts. A local geologist with 47 years of experience saw their plan, saw what the obvious outcome would be (which is exactly what happened), and warned of it a week before this “accidental” spill happened. He even accused the EPA of doing it on purpose, for their own gain. The EPA wins, the people and the environment loses.

  • fun bag August 11, 2015 at 9:42 pm

    ” EPA agreed to allow local officials to lead cleanup efforts instead.”

    OK, then why didn’t they do it??? Did they fail at their part of the bargain, leading to EPA stepping in to do it???

    • native born new mexican August 12, 2015 at 7:23 am

      EPA did the damage fun bag. They were messing with the mine when they broke the retaining wall. This was not done by locals. Then after the spill EPA was not honest with locals about what they had done and how bad it was. It took them 24 hours to get information to governor Susan Martinez of New Mexico. She is furious and she should be. People down river from the spill got one piece of bad information after another. They could have watered their crops before the spill got to them but they were given bad information about where the spill was so their very essential to their income crops will die for lack of water. Bad EPA bad! bad! bad! One lie after one mistake after another.

      • fun bag August 12, 2015 at 11:11 am

        EPA did it and EPA will pay out craptons of money I’m sure. The question is, the locals didn’t want this to become a superfund site, but these mine poisons had been leaching into the waterways and killing all the fish. Why didn’t the state or local gov’t step in to take care of it? They didn’t want the big, bad, mean ol’ EPA coming in… why didn’t they just take care of it…???

  • Dexter August 12, 2015 at 6:22 am

    Kinda makes ya wonder how much the EPA will be fined eh.?

    • Brian August 12, 2015 at 10:49 am

      That’s the rub, isn’t it: the EPA can’t be fined, ever. Even if they are fined, the taxpayers pay the fine, because they fund the EPA (without choice). The EPA always grows, and always wins, even when the environment and the taxpayers lose.

  • beentheredonethat August 12, 2015 at 10:47 pm

    Maybe we could give the indians more money. And the slaves and the jews and the downwinders. Speaking of downwinders….has anyone gone through that temple with a gieger counter? Maybe that’s why it glows so bright at night!

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